Can You Build A Fire In A Clay Flower Ot History and Development of the Chinese Ceramic Captial – Shiwan, China

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History and Development of the Chinese Ceramic Captial – Shiwan, China

Shiwan Pottery – traces back to five thousand years ago

Many sand ware, decorated pieces of soft and hard ware were excavated from the Beiqiu Relic from the New Stone Age excavation at Hedang in Shiwan. Decorative patterns include string, trellises, leaves, ladder-shaped trellises, frogs, etc. According to carbon 14 dating by the Beijing Bureau of Archaeological Studies, these pieces were made between four thousand nine hundred and five thousand years ago. This archaeological find disproved the claim that Shiwan’s pottery industry migrated from the north in the Song Dynasty. Historical Perspective has a poetic assessment of “Shiwan tiles, the best in the world”. The preserved dragon kiln “Ancient Nanfeng Kiln” symbolizes the outstanding technique of Shiwan ceramics.

Nanfeng Ancient Furnace – Burning for Five Hundred Years

If you want to open the mysterious mask of the ancient dragon kiln, show the legend of the ancient ceramic city, extend the dragon’s life for five hundred years, the history of Nanfeng ancient kiln is worth studying and researching.

The Nanfeng Ancient Kiln was built during the Zhengde Ming Dynasty (1506-1521), a rare dragon kiln with nearly 500 years of history that is still used to make ceramics today. It is now a key cultural relic unit of the ancient furnace in Guangdong Province.

For nearly five hundred years, the flame never went out, with constant production. Thus, the furnace is preserved completely without damage, which is a rarity in China. It is the oldest remaining dragon kiln in China and an important cultural protected site in Guangdong Province.

The opening of the Nanfeng kiln faces south. The far end is under the green shade of banyan trees, which brought a cool breeze in summer, so the furnace was called “Nanfeng”, which means “southern breeze”. Over the years, production has never been stopped for repairs. The current furnace chimney was built in the modern era. The furnace has a total length of 34.4 meters. There are 29 rows of fire holes on the stove (5 per row). It is said that one fire for each row makes a total of 29 fires. The fireplace is used for burning wood during the burning. There are 4 doors on the side of the furnace for loading and unloading products.

Arts of Flame – mysterious and unpredictable

The composition and heat emitted during the firing of the wood bring unlimited changes to the clay and glaze.

The dragon kiln is divided into upper, middle and lower parts with three temperature levels, low, medium and high, varying from 900 to 1300 degrees Celsius, and it is operated and supervised exclusively by the kiln master for firing different types of pottery.

To maintain a reducing atmosphere, the kiln master controls the duration and degree of heating and changes during firing, making decisions only with his discerning eyes and acting according to changes in circumstances. After firing for 20 hours and waiting for the kiln to cool, it is ready to be opened. The resulting product comes in dazzling colors including blue, red, white and green.

See the entire course of pottery, which reflects the hardship and intelligence of the potters.

Shiwan Ceramics

The ancient pottery town of Shiwan at the kilns twenty miles south of Canton, Guangdong Province. It is the most famous city in China in the creation of ceramic products for almost 500 years. Most of the national masterpieces and museum objects created there were collected in the national museum and by collectors around the world.

Shiwan pottery was designed in the Tang and Song dynasties (618-906 AD) and flourished in the Ming and Qing dynasties.

The main products, such as art ceramics, ancient garden ceramics, Spanish roof tile, western style roof tile, stone-like roof tile, stone porcelain roof tile, art garden roof tile, etc., are famous all over the world, especially statues. There, an expert team of artistic masters inherited and developed the outstanding tradition of Shiwan ceramic techniques, ranging from lively earthen figures, statues and animals with thick and earthy ceramic glazes, to modern ceramics of simple, elegant and fresh patterns, creating their own uniqueness. artistic style and make Shiwan ceramic techniques extremely wonderful.

Shiwan art ceramics are divided into four types of figurines, animals, microsculptures and daily utensils, of which figural ceramics have won the national gold medal three times in a row, and animal ceramics have won the hundred flower medal and silver cup. The medal, micro-statues and daily necessities have been awarded the Product Quality Medal of Guangdong Province. Under the principle of “quality product” based on elaboration, each piece of pottery with the “marks” of art masters is made through six complex processes (including molding, plaster molding, figuration slurry casting, gear correction, glazing and firing). .

To view today’s Shiwan ceramic female figurines

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