Can You Reduce The Gas Pipe Flow In A Fireplace Fast Charging Battery Research: Hot, Super High-Tech & Wowing!

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Fast Charging Battery Research: Hot, Super High-Tech & Wowing!

Ever since mobile phones became popular, the importance of rechargeable electric batteries has steadily increased worldwide. According to Wikipedia, in 2013 there were an estimated 6.8 billion mobile phones in use worldwide (including smartphones) and 97 out of every 100 people in the world owned at least one mobile phone. These numbers include some of the poorest among us. While a large number of users do not go beyond just voice calls (and the occasional text message), there is a free, excellent and easy-to-use ‘app’ (or apps) that are increasing in variety and number by the day, many in this categories are gradually drawn to become ‘core’ mobile phone users. Realizing that PCs will soon lose their place in the computing world, many people who use PCs as their primary computing device today are also starting to switch to smartphones. These factors are expected to lead to a 35% increase in the number of smartphone users by 2020 (or 9.2 billion users globally).

As smartphones become thinner, lighter, smarter, use larger screens and so on, they also become more power hungry. Therefore, the need for high-performance batteries with super-fast charging that can be recharged many times before being thrown in the trash is crucial to the success of future smartphones.

There are other important applications whose well-being depends on fast charging batteries. One is the much-vaunted electric vehicle (EV) industry. Users expect the battery charging time to be comparable to the time it would take to refuel at a gas station today, i.e. about 4-5 minutes. Another very important application is in smart grids – those intelligent power management stations where the inputs and outputs of electricity to users are managed. High capacity, fast charge/discharge batteries are needed to store excess energy (whenever input exceeds demand) and release it whenever there is a deficit. Slightly less critical, but still important, are fast-charging batteries used in smart watches, smart homes, and personal health devices (PHDs).

A few years ago it became unequivocally clear that lithium-ion batteries (the best battery technology currently in use) would be grossly inadequate for future demands. There is such a large gap between lithium-ion technology and the planned battery of the future that it has become quite obvious that nothing short of a “quantum leap” (or revolution) in battery technology will suffice. Therefore, feverish and frenzied research has begun in many leading university and corporate research and development centers, even though it has not yet been published in the news, to discover the sublime battery technology of the future with features such as: charging times on the order of minutes or even seconds (wow!), less weight (halved in the case of electric vehicle batteries), greater capacity, safety (expect no electrical fires and explosions reminiscent of the Boeing 787 crashes of 2013!) ), significantly lower costs, easy handling and cycle times in the thousands and tens of thousands!

To think about achieving a “quantum leap” in technology in 1-2 years would have stunned many in the scientific community in the recent past. But now things have changed! A man who has recently advanced the frontiers of scientific knowledge by extraordinary leaps and bounds, today’s researchers sitting at the very pinnacles of scientific knowledge seem to be offering very promising solutions at the drop of a hat!

So here is a set of the most promising technologies that are under research at the time of writing. (Note: Research on fast charging batteries is currently inundated with many alternative technologies vying for the top spot. Since there are so many, the author has not attempted to present an exhaustive list. Instead, the list below represents the best of the best in his opinion.)

ALUMINUM-GRAPHITE TECHNOLOGY (see reference no. 2 and 4 for more details):

At the top of the list is aluminum-graphite technology, which is being developed at Stanford University in the US. It’s amazing for its 1 minute (yes, 60 seconds!) charge time. Although its capacity is about half that of Li-ion, it more than makes up for this shortcoming with an incredible charging time. Compared to Li-ion’s lifetime of about 1,000 charge cycles, aluminum-graphite lasts at least 7,500 cycles. It’s also much safer than Li-ion – researchers say that even if you drill through it, it won’t catch fire!

ALUMINUM-AIR TECHNOLOGY (FOR EV) (Reference No. 1 and 2):

In the Aluminum-air (Al-air) battery, oxygen from the air is used in the cathode, and consequently a separate oxidizer is not required. This type of battery has an energy density that could provide an electric vehicle with enough power to match gasoline-powered models. The range on one full charge is about 1000 miles! A few charges may be all you need if you drive up to 2,000 miles a month!

What’s amazing about this battery is that it’s only half the weight of current lithium batteries. When you lose half the weight of the battery, you get a lot more cargo to carry passengers and goods (Note: the battery is by far the heaviest component of an electric vehicle. In the Tesla Roadster, for example, the battery contributes about a third of the total weight, so the weight savings is one sixth of the total weight , considerable).

ALUMINUM-AIR TECHNOLOGY (FOR EV) (Reference No. 2):

This is a different type of Al-air technology discussed above. Wow, because it runs on water (regular, but also marine) and has 40 times more capacity than Li-ion!

FAST CHARGING BASED ON NANOTECHNOLOGY (Reference No. 5):

StoreDot Ltd., an Israeli high-tech fast battery charging company, will soon release the “FlashBattery for SmartPhones”, a universal charger for smartphones. The company uses proprietary organic compounds created/manipulated using nanotechnology.

What excites him? It can charge any phone, regardless of make or model, in one minute (maximum)!

In addition to phones, the charger can be used to charge wearable devices, PHDs, tablets and the like. However, there is a catch – although proven, it is not yet commercially available! It may take a year before it is available in retail stores.

StoreDot will also soon offer “FlashBattery for EV”, a fast charger for electric cars. This product is said to charge a car battery in just five minutes!

FAST CHARGING VIA RADIO WAVES (Reference No. 2):

In this technology, the electrical energy used for charging is transmitted via radio waves.

It’s not exactly stunning, except that it’s wireless and charges from up to 20 feet away. And there’s a catch – it’s not readily available on the market.

ORGANIC FLOW TECHNOLOGY (Reference #2 & Wikipedia):

The organic flux technology developed by MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) generates electricity using the organic substance AQDS (9,10-anthraquinone-2,7-disulfonic acid) as a charge carrier.

It impresses us with a 97% reduction in production costs of electricity (battery sources) – while metal batteries provide 1 KWh of energy for $700, organic flow batteries provide you with that much energy for only $27!

NANOBATTERIES (Reference #2, 6 & Wikipedia):

Nanobatteries are made from batteries of “nano” size (ie, sizes in the range of 10 to -9 meters). “Nano” batteries are created by placing two electrodes in a small hole (or “nanopore”) in an electrically insulating membrane or metallic compound (such as aluminum oxide) separated by a thin insulating film. A large number of “nanopiles” are combined into a full battery.

Anything surprising about them? yes! The nanopores are so small that they cannot be seen individually. They can hold up to four times more energy than Li-ion and can be fully charged in 10 minutes. In addition, they have a lifetime of about 1000 charging cycles.

NTU’s LITHIUM-TITANIUM-DIOXIDE TECHNOLOGY (FOR EV) (Reference #7&Wikipedia):

This is a technological breakthrough from Singapore-based Nanyang Technological University (NTU). By changing the graphite cathode in lithium-ion batteries with a low-cost titanium dioxide gel, NTU claims to have developed an ultra-fast charging battery that charges up to 70% of its capacity in two minutes! In addition to the two-minute charging time, its extraordinary lifespan of 20 years is astonishing.

The battery life factor, which is mainly intended for electric vehicles, is expected to significantly reduce the costs that would otherwise arise from frequent battery changes.

FOOTNOTE: As mentioned earlier, fast-charging battery research is an evolving field that is currently crowded with several alternative technologies showing promise. Technologies based on metal foam substrate, silicon, sodium ion, microbial fuel cells powered by urine, solar, hydrogen, candle soot and many others under research and development have been rounded up to produce the list above, for which the author believes to be the best of all. a lot. One notable omission is Meredith Perry’s “wireless charging” technology, which uses electricity transmitted via ultrasound to charge. The much-anticipated, much-hyped technology apparently failed recent evaluation tests until recently, so it had to be dropped from consideration.

References: (You need to cut+paste the link into your browser to access references #3 to 7)

1. Jeffrey Marlow, “10 Hottest Areas of Scientific Research,” 10 Hottest Areas of Scientific Research | Wired, http://www.wired.com/2013/08/the-10-hottest-fields-of-science-research/

2. Pocket-lint, “The Future of Batteries, Coming Soon: Charging in Seconds, Lasting Months, and Charging Over the Air,” The Future of Batteries, Coming Soon: Charging in Seconds, Lasting Months, and Charging Over the Air – Pocket-lint, http ://www.pocket-lint.com/news/130380-future-batteries-coming-soon-charge-in-seconds-last-months-and-power-over-the-air

3. ScienceDaily, “Batteries Research,” Batteries News — Science Daily, sciencedaily.com/news/matter_energy/batteries/

4. Stanford University, “Stanford aluminum battery offers safe alternative to conventional batteries,” news.stanford.edu/news/2015/march/aluminium-ion-battery-033115.HTML

5. StoreDot Ltd., “FlashBattery for Smartphones,” StoreDot What We Do, store-dot.com/#!smartphones/c1u5l

6. Ars Technica, “New battery made up of many nanobatteries,” | Ars Technica, arstechnica.com/science/2014/11/new-battery-composed-of-lots-of-nanobatteries/

7. Nanyang Technological University, “NTU Develops Ultra-Fast Charging Batteries That Last 20 Years,” News Detail, media.ntu.edu.sg/NewsReleases/Pages/newsdetail.aspx?news=809fbb2f-95f0-4995-b5c0-10ae4c50c934

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