Carbon Flows From One State To Another Is Called A Pollution: Checking the Damages Caused to the Respiratory System

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Pollution: Checking the Damages Caused to the Respiratory System


Long-term effects of air pollution include serious diseases such as cancer. Highly polluted city air slowly turns our healthy and pink lung tissues into darkened particles of smog, dust and other pollutants, making the lungs more vulnerable to infection. The highly sensitive respiratory system can be damaged in several ways.

Environmental Pollution: One of the strong dangers is environmental pollution. Environmental smog contains many chemicals. Many of these chemicals are exhausted by vehicles and industry. What’s more, many household cleaning products also emit such toxic gases.

Cigarette smoke: This is another hazardous emission. Passive smokers are the most affected. Burning fags is a serious threat to our respiratory system. Tobacco smoke contains more than 40 chemicals, including dangerous tar. Most of them are known to cause cancer. About 90 percent of lung cancer cases in men and more than 70 percent in women are caused by smoking.

In addition to the tar from a burning cigarette, several other chemicals enter our lungs. Tar from a single cigarette temporarily immobilizes the cilia of the upper and lower airways. Tar also temporarily paralyzes macrophages in the lung alveoli. When the cleaning and filtering functions are disabled, the lungs and air passages are open to a variety of airborne particles, viruses and bacteria, in addition to, of course, tar.

These substances settle in the lung mucous membranes. It takes almost an hour for the paralyzed blinkers to recover. But the repeated paralysis from the heated tar eventually kills them. Mucus builds up as a result of repeated smoking. Accumulated mucus blocks the smaller airways. Obstruction triggers “smoker’s cough”. This familiar reflex cough is an effort by the affected lungs to clear the airways.

Indoor Air Pollution: This is one of the most dangerous yet often neglected hazards. Offices and homes are mostly the base of indoor air pollution. In addition to furniture and synthetic carpets, many cleaning compounds, some building materials and even air fresheners emit dangerous gases. These remain highly concentrated in unventilated or air-conditioned rooms. The most vulnerable sections of people exposed to these respiratory hazards are children, the elderly and those with a history of respiratory diseases. These people spend most of their time between four walls. Indoor air pollutants not only weaken our lungs, but also invite infections.

Occupational risks: Many professionals are daily exposed to impurities released by their activities. These workers are at high risk of contracting respiratory diseases. We can mention people who pick cotton, those who work on farms or in shipyards, mechanics who install insulation or brake linings. Other people who suffer from such risks include miners, construction workers, quarry workers, stone cutters and sandblasters.


All governments have their own independent agencies to monitor pollution levels. This activity is also carried out by non-governmental organizations (NGOs). OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) in the US, for example, issues regulations to protect workers. He introduced mandatory wearing of air masks with filters for some jobs. The EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) monitors and also regulates pollutants released into the air by various organizations and industries. Despite such efforts, there is an increase in various types of respiratory diseases around the world.


Any part of the respiratory tract can be affected by disorders and diseases of the respiratory system. Although common respiratory illnesses are minor, they can sometimes be life-threatening.

Common cold, runny nose and stuffy nose: Viruses cause colds by targeting the throat and nasal passages. First, viruses infiltrate the body through the respiratory tract. They then target cells in the membranes of the nasal passages. But before they can destroy the cells, the body’s immune system fights back. The immune system increases blood flow to the area. Such an increase in white blood cells causes swelling of the membranes. This causes a stuffy nose. An increase in mucus secretion to neutralize the viral attack causes a runny nose. It is worth noting that, in addition to the middle ear and lower respiratory tract, the infection can affect the sinuses – cavities surrounded by a membrane located in the head.

Hay fever and asthma: These are allergic reactions of the respiratory system. These conditions occur when the immune system is irritated by irritants such as dust or pollen. Symptoms of hay fever include sneezing, watery eyes and a runny nose. It is a seasonal reaction when there is a lot of pollen in the air. Asthma attacks are generally mild. But they can also be life-threatening. A person with asthma has trouble breathing. It occurs when the bronchi and bronchioles become inflamed and remain temporarily narrowed.

Laryngitis: Laryngitis is an inflammation of the throat. Laryngitis is caused by various factors. They can be different, such as excessive use of the voice, cigarette smoke or a viral infection. Laryngitis leaves different consequences on the voice. Until the inflammation subsides, he may become hoarse or reduced to a whisper.

Bronchitis: Bronchitis refers to inflammation of the membrane. The membranes surrounding the bronchioles or bronchi become inflamed. Bronchitis occurs due to a bacterial or viral infection. Bronchitis can also occur due to irritating chemicals.

Pneumonia: This infection of the alveoli is caused by viruses or bacteria. Pneumonia is a potentially serious lung condition. In pneumonia, the alveoli become inflamed after fluid builds up. This accumulation of fluid and the resulting inflammation impedes the flow of carbon dioxide and oxygen between the alveoli and capillaries.

Tuberculosis: Also known as tuberculosis, it is caused by the tuberculosis bacterium. In tuberculosis, the lungs are primarily affected. Sometimes other body tissues are also affected. If left untreated, a lung infection can even destroy lung tissue. Previously, tuberculosis was controlled with antibiotics. However, the bacteria has developed an antibiotic-resistant strain that poses a serious health problem.

Emphysema: This non-contagious disease affects the alveolar tissue, which is partially destroyed. The remaining alveoli enlarge and weaken. During exhalation, the bronchioles collapse. As a result, air remains trapped in the alveoli. In the long term, emphysema affects the patient’s ability to exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. The circulatory system also does not work. This causes breathing problems. Emphysema can occur due to genetic factors in addition to infection, smoke, smog and cigarettes.

Lung cancer: the main causes of cancer are uranium, asbestos and tobacco smoke. Genetic causes can also cause cancer. Respiratory cancerous tumors arise in lung tissue (alveolar), bronchioles or bronchi. Early detection of such tumors can stop their progression to other parts of the body. Then the treatment is more effective, and the prognosis for recovery is quite good. Unfortunately, 85 percent of lung cancer is detected at a later stage, when the tumors have already spread. In such extreme cases, the prognosis is poor.

Respiratory distress syndrome: Also called RDS. Dysfunction refers to a set of symptoms. Everything points to serious lung damage.

IRDS: Premature babies can suffer from Infant Respiratory Distress Syndrome (IRDS). IRDS occurs when the alveoli do not fully expand during inspiration. The dilation of the alveoli requires a chemical called surfactant. However, in premature babies, the underdeveloped alveoli do not produce enough surfactant. The usual treatment for IRDS is to administer air and surfactant through a breathing tube. This administration allows the alveoli to produce surfactant.

ARDS: Adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) occurs when the lungs are severely damaged. Many car accidents, poisonous gases or inflammation of the lungs can cause such dysfunction. Patients with ARDS generally have to fight for their lives with a 50% survival rate.


Many traditional and alternative health systems such as yoga, ayurveda, unani and homeopathy have different ways to treat different types of respiratory disorders. Yoga has simple breathing exercises called ‘Pranayam’ which are proven to be successful. Other alternative health systems such as Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathy also have viable strategies for effective treatment of respiratory ailments.

But before resorting to any of them, you should consult the experts of these systems. Obviously, some bad habits like smoking and drinking alcohol need to be given up in order to get the best results. This is true for any treatment.

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