Chest Pain Due To Inadequate Blood Flow To The Myocardium What Causes Heart Attacks – Causes and Risk Factors

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What Causes Heart Attacks – Causes and Risk Factors

What causes heart attacks? They occur when there is low blood flow in the body, especially in the part of the heart muscle that causes a lack of oxygen. If blood flow is not restored quickly, damage to the heart muscle due to lack of oxygen can occur and the dying process begins. It is also known as a myocardial infarction. The reasons for the attack are different, so it becomes the main killer in both men and women. But today there are excellent treatments that can save lives and reverse disability. The question is, what causes heart attacks? And how can we avoid it? Is there any special procedure we can use to avoid it?

Cholesterol plays a large role in this condition; this is because cholesterol can build up in the form of plaques in these blood vessels. This plaque is one of the causes of attacks because it narrows the artery and can limit the amount of blood that can flow through it. When an artery becomes too narrow, there is not enough blood to supply the heart muscle when it is under stress. For example, when we lift or carry too much or when we run too fast, the muscles in our arms and legs will hurt because there is not enough blood flow to that area. The same thing happens in our heart, when there is a lack of blood in the heart muscle, this pain is called angina.

Another cause can occur due to the formation of dental plaque. Then the plaque bursts; a small blood clot can form inside the blood vessels and precisely block the blood flow or blood supply. When the blood supply is completely lost, the muscle dies. This is what we call a heart attack or MI – myocardial infarction (from the word myo = muscle + cardiac = heart and infarction = death from lack of oxygen).

The most common cause of attacks is the narrowing of the arteries with cholesterol plaques and the resulting cracks. This is what we call atherosclerotic heart disease (AHSD) or coronary artery disease (CAD). In addition to the causes of a heart attack, there are also risk factors that contribute to its occurrence or experience. There are almost the same risk factors for ASHD as we have for stroke (cerebrovascular disease) or peripheral vascular disease such as: family history (hereditary), smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and diabetes. Causes of heart attacks can also include non-coronary artery disease, which includes:

Cocaine use – this drug can cause sufficient spasm of the coronary arteries

Prinzmetal’s angina (coronary artery vasospasm) – can turn into a spasm and cause angina pectoris without a specific cause.

Anomalous coronary artery – occurs occasionally when the course of part of the artery can sink into the heart muscle itself. When the muscle contracts, it can twist the artery and cause angina.

Insufficient oxygen supply – this happens when the heart is not getting enough oxygen.

We also need to know the symptoms of a heart attack. Chest pain (described as tightness, fullness, pressure, or pain), usually associated with shortness of breath, profuse sweating, and nausea.

When we experience these symptoms, we must seek medical attention, this is a very serious condition that can lead to death if we do not give importance to it. Being aware of the signs and symptoms and causes of a heart attack is very important, it will help us avoid it and live a healthy life.

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