Did The China Stopped The Flow Of Water To India Should Diabetics Eat Chocolate?

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Should Diabetics Eat Chocolate?

Caalamka, in ka badan shan milyan iyo badh tan oo shukulaato ah ayaa la cunaa sanad walba iyadoo loo qaabeysan yahay shukulaatada ama macmacaanka kale. Inta badan isticmaalkani wuxuu ka dhacaa Yurub iyo Waqooyiga Ameerika, halkaas oo dad badan oo dabaqadda dhexe ah ay leeyihiin dakhli badan oo la tuuri karo marka loo eego meelo kale.

Swiss-ku waa kuwa ugu cunta badan. Sannadkii 2012 waxay isticmaaleen 11.9kg qofkiiba. Iyadoo la tixgalinayo in shukulaatada caadiga ah ay ka kooban tahay celcelis ahaan 42.5g oo shukulaato ah, tani waxay la macno tahay in qof kasta oo Swiss ah uu isticmaalo wax u dhigma 280 baar hal sano gudaheed, in ka badan afar meelood saddex meel maalintii.

Irishku waa kuwa soo socda ee ugu badan ee cuna celcelis ahaan 9.9kg (232 baararka) qofkiiba, waxaana ku xiga UK 9.5kg madaxiiba. Dadka ku nool wadamada kale ee Galbeedka Yurub waxay cunaan inta u dhaxaysa 6 iyo 9kg qofkiiba. Kanada, isticmaalka waa 6.4kg qofkiiba sannadkii. USA, hal mar, maaha marka hore, iyadoo isticmaalka sanadlaha ah ee kaliya 5.5kg (129 baararka) qofkiiba, in ka yar kala badh Swiss.

Galbeedka iyo Ruushka ka baxsan (5.9kg qofkiiba sanadkii), shukulaato aad u yar ayaa la cunaa. Shiinaha, isticmaalka sannadkii waa 1.2kg oo keliya qofkiiba, halka Hindiya uu yahay 0.7kg oo keliya qofkiiba.

Isticmaalka shukulaatada sanadlaha ah ee caalamiga ah ayaa kordhay celcelis ahaan 3% sanadkii. Isbeddelkan ayaa u muuqda mid sii socon doona. Haddii cunista shukulaatada badan ay u xun tahay caafimaadka, dhibaato ayaa si cad u soo fool leh.

Noocyada shukulaatada

Shukulaatada waxaa laga sameeyaa miraha Theobroma cacao, geed kulaylaha ah oo lagu beeray Mexico iyo badhtamaha Ameerika ugu yaraan saddex kun oo sano. Maanta, si kastaba ha ahaatee, meelaha ugu muhiimsan ee wax ka soo baxa waa Galbeedka Afrika halkaasoo in ka badan 70 boqolkiiba dalagyada meeraha lagu beero.

Iniinaha waxa ay ku jiraan cawsyo ka soo laadlaad geedka cacao waxaana la goostaa in baangad xor ah lagu gooyo. Qaybaha waa la furay oo digirta gudaha ku jirta, iyo saxarka ku hareeraysan, waa la soo saarayaa oo la gelinayaa tuulan ama weel waxaana loo oggol yahay inay khamiiraan. Abuurka Cacao waxay leeyihiin dhadhan qadhaadh, waana in la khamiiriyaa si ay u horumariyaan dhadhanka shukulaatada.

Halsano ka dib, digirta waa la qallajiyaa, la nadiifiyaa oo la dubay, qolofkuna waa la soo saaraa si loo soo saaro nibs-kacao. Nibyadu waa la shiidayaa si loo abuuro khamriga shukulaatada, shukulaato saafi ah oo qaab dareere ah. Khamriga waxa lagu sii farsamayn karaa laba qaybood: adkaha kookaha iyo subagga kookaha. Waxyaabaha kale, sida sonkorta, caanaha ama caanaha budada ah iyo vaniljiga, ayaa lagu daraa si ay u soo saaraan shukulaato kala duwan oo heerar kala duwan oo macaan iyo dhadhan ah.

Shukulaatada aan macaanaynsidoo kale loo yaqaan qadhaadh ama dubista shukulaatada, waa khamri shukulaato saafi ah. Kuma jiraan sonkor ama maaddooyin kale oo lagu daray, iyo saafiga, dhulka, digirta shukulaatada la dubay ayaa bixiya dhadhan shukulaato ah oo xooggan.

Shukulaatada madow waxaa lagu sameeyaa iyadoo lagu darayo dufan iyo sonkor khamriga shukulaatada. Shukulaatada caanaha waxaa ku jira khamriga shukulaatada, sonkor, caano budada ah ama la tumay iyo vaniljiga. Shukulaatada cad waxa laga sameeyaa subagga kookaha, sonkorta, caanaha budada ah ama la shiiday iyo vaniljiga laakiin kuma jiraan kookaha adag.

Shukulaatada aan macaanayn ka sokow, waxaa jira laba shokolaatada oo kale oo la dubayo. Shukulaatada Semi-macaan waa shukulaato madow leh oo sonkor leh. Shukulaatada qadhaadh waa khamriga shukulaatada lagu daray sonkor, subag kookaha oo dheeraad ah iyo vanilj. Waxay leedahay sonkor yar oo ka badan khamri ka badan shukulaatada macaan.

Horumarinta alaabta shukulaatada

Ku dhawaad ​​dhammaan taariikhdeeda 3,000 ee sano, shukulaatada waxaa loo isticmaalay cabitaan ahaan. Ma ahayn ilaa dabayaaqadii qarnigii 18aad in baararka ugu horreeya ee shukulaatada adag la abuuray.

The xocolatl cabitaanka Mayans iyo Aztecs waxay ahayd cabitaan qadhaadh, baraf leh oo inta badan lagu daray vanilj, basbaaska iyo achiote (midab leh). Waxa loo isticmaali jiray ujeeddooyin xafladeed, diyaafadda iyo cabitaanka maalinlaha ah.

Shukulaatada ayaa markii ugu horreysay loo soo raray Spain 1585. Reer Yurub waxay ku darsadeen sonkorta bakoorada si ay uga hortagaan qadhaadhka dabiiciga ah, waxay ka saareen basbaaska, waxay hayaan vaniljka, waxayna ku dareen qorfe iyo dhir kale. Shukulaatada cabitaan ahaan ayaa caan ka noqotay Yurub inkasta oo royalty iyo taajiriinta kaliya ay awoodaan.

Dhamaadkii qarnigii 18-aad, shukulaatada adag ee ugu horeysay ayaa laga sameeyay Talyaaniga. Holland 1828kii, Coenraad Johannes van Houten waxa uu shatiyeeyay hab lagu soo saaro baruurta digirta kookaha iyo samaynta kookaha budada ah iyo subagga kookaha. Van Houten ayaa sidoo kale soo saaray Habka Dutch ee ku daweynta shukulaatada leh alkali si meesha looga saaro dhadhanka qadhaadhka ah. Horumarradan ayaa ka dhigay shukulaatada casriga ah ee suurtogalka ah.

Sannadkii 1839-kii, Jordan iyo Timaeus ee Jarmalka waxay iibiyeen shukulaatada ugu horreysay ee loo yaqaan. Waxa laga sameeyey kookaha, sonkorta iyo caanaha riyaha. Ingriiska, JS Fry & Sons waxay heleen hab lagu qaso subagga kookaha dib loogu celiyo shukulaatada ‘Dutched’ si ay u abuuraan koollo (sonkor lagu daray) oo la qaabayn karo. Shukulaatada Britishka ee ugu horeysay waxaa la sameeyay 1847. 1849kii walaalaha Cadbury waxay ku boodeen bandwagon.

Iswiiska, ka dib markii uu tijaabiyey caanaha, Daniel Peter wuxuu keenay suuqii ugu horreeyay ee shukulaato caano ah 1875. Si looga hortago caariyaysigu waxay ahayd inuu helo hab uu biyaha uga saaro caanaha, taas oo uu ku sameeyay caawinta deriskiisa Henri Nestlé. soo saaraha cuntada ilmaha.

Rodolphe Lindt ayaa alifay miyir beelid, waa hab ku lug leh kuleylinta iyo shiididda shukulaatada adkaha ah si aad u yar si loo hubiyo in dareeruhu si siman isku dhafan yihiin. Tani waxay awood u siisay Milton Hershey inuu sameeyo shukulaatada xitaa caan ka ah soo saarista shukulaatada la awoodi karo.

Maanta, van Houten, JS Fry & Sons, Cadburys, Nestlé iyo Lindt dhamaantood waa shukulaatada caanka ah.

Waa maxay shukulaatada ka kooban

Shukulaatada waa cunto tamar leh. Shukulaatada ceeriin waxay ku badan tahay subagga kookaha, baruurta laga saaro inta lagu jiro sifaynta kaas oo dib loogu daro iyada oo leh qaybo kala duwan inta lagu jiro wax soo saarka.

Shukulaatada, kuwaas oo isticmaala digirta kacao-ga la goostay si ay u sameeyaan shukulaatada, waxay ku dari karaan dufan kale, sonkor iyo caano boore ah si ay u soo saaraan kuwa dhammaatay. daboolid shukulaatada.

Shukulaatada u isticmaal couverture-ka la dhammeeyay si aad u samayso shukulaatada sida shukulaatada, truffles, ukunta Easter-ka iwm, kuwaas oo ay inta badan ku daraan buuxinta tamarta sare, sida lawska, miraha nacnaca, noocyada kala duwan ee kiriimyada iyo wixii la mid ah kuwaas oo sidoo kale ay ku badan yihiin dufanka. iyo/ama sonkor.

Dhammaan shukulaatada cad (iyada oo aan la buuxin) waxa ku jira oodles dufan ah: 52% shukulaatada dubista aan macaanayn, 43% shukulaatada madow, 32% shukulaatada cad iyo 31% shukulaatada caanaha. Xaaladaha oo dhan, in ka badan 50% dufankan ayaa ah dufan buuxa. Dufanku waa nooca 2 ee dadka qaba xanuunka macaanku u baahan yihiin inay iska ilaaliyaan.

Dadka qaba sonkorowga ayaa sidoo kale dhibaato kala kulmi doona sonkorta shukulaatada. Kaliya shukulaatada aan la macaanayn ayaa gabi ahaanba aan lahayn sonkor. Shukulaatada cad waxay ka kooban tahay ku dhawaad ​​60% sonkor, shukulaatada caanaha 54% iyo shukulaatada madow 24%. Si kale haddii loo dhigo, hal bar oo shukulaato ah ayaa ku siin doonta sonkor ka badan intii aad cuni lahayd hal maalin gudaheed.

Tirooyinkan dufanka iyo sonkortu waa celcelis waxayna ku kala duwanaan doonaan hal shukulaatada ilaa mid kale iyadoo ku xidhan qadarka subagga kookaha iyo maaddooyinka kale ee ay ku daraan khamriga shukulaatada.

Dhammaan waxyaalaha xunxun ee laga yaabo inaad u malaynayso. Oo runtii waad xaq noqon lahayd. Si kastaba ha ahaatee shukulaatada ayaa lagu tiriyaa inay ku jiraan waxyaabo badan oo wanaagsan sidoo kale.

Qadarka borotiinka ee shukulaatada adag waxay ku kala duwan tahay 13% shukulaatada dubista aan la macaanayn ilaa 9g shukulaatada caanaha, 8g shukulaatada madow, ilaa 6g shukulaatada cad.

Shukulaatada maaha ilo aad u fiican oo laga helo fiitamiino laakiin sholaatada qaar ayaa qani ku ah macdanta. Tusaale ahaan, shukulaatada madow waa isha wanaagsan ee birta, copper iyo manganese, halka shukulaatada cad ay ka kooban tahay calcium iyo fosfooraska badan.

Shukulaatada waxaa ku jira alkaloids sida theobromine (kor u qaada niyadda), phenethylamine iyo caffeine (kiciyeyaasha).

Saamaynta caafimaad ee togan

Shukulaatada, gaar ahaan shukulaatada madow, ayaa la sheegay in ay saameyn badan oo wanaagsan ku leedahay caafimaadka. Inta badan sheegashooyinkan, si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxay ku saleysan yihiin shaybaarada shaybaarka iyo falanqaynta kiimikada ee shukulaatada, oo aan lagu taageerin tijaabooyinka bukaan-socodka ee isticmaalaya maadooyinka aadanaha.

Daraasado dhowr ah, si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxay muujinayaan in cunista shukulaatada ay kaa caawin karto dhimista cadaadiska dhiigga (inkasta oo si dhexdhexaad ah) iyo khatarta dhowr dhibaatooyin wadnaha ah. Runtii qadar yar oo joogto ah oo yar oo shukulaato madow ah ayaa lala xiriiriyaa khatarta hoose ee wadne qabadka. Mid ka mid ah daraasadda ayaa lagu ogaaday in dadka ka badbaaday wadne xanuunka ee cuna shukulaatada saddex jeer ama ka badan toddobaadkii ay hoos u dhigaan khatarta dhimashada ilaa saddex jeer in ka badan kuwa badbaaday ee aan cunin shukulaatada.

Shukulaatada ayaa sidoo kale wanaajin karta wareegga. Daraasad Swiss ah, 20 sigaar cabayaal ah ayaa la siiyay 40 garaam oo shukulaato ah si ay u cunaan. Laba saacadood ka dib, echo-graph ayaa muujisay in shukulaatada madow, oo leh boqolkiiba kookaha ugu yaraan 74%, ay si weyn u wanaajisay socodka dhiigga.

Tuubooyinka tijaabada ah, kookaha waxay soo bandhigaan waxqabadyo antioxidant kuwaas oo yareynaya samaynta xagjirnimada xorta ah kuwaas oo laga yaabo inay ka hortagaan horumarinta kansarka. Saamayntan cunista shukulaatada, si kastaba ha ahaatee, laguma caddayn tijaabooyinka aadanaha.

Shukulaatada madow waxay hoos u dhigi kartaa heerarka kolestaroolka ee dadka waaweyn. Daraasad lagu sameeyay isticmaalka muddada-dheer ayaa muujisay korodhka HDL (“wanaagsan”) kolestaroolka 11%. Si kastaba ha ahaatee lama oga in cunista xaddi badan oo shukulaato madow ah iyo kookaha ay bedeli karaan heerarka LDL kolestaroolka.

Dadka qaar ayaa aaminsan in shukulaatada ay kor u qaadi karto awoodaha garashada. Tani waxay noqon kartaa sababtoo ah waxay u shaqeysaa sida kicinta khafiifka ah sababtoo ah joogitaanka caffeine iyo theobromine. Alkaloids-kan waxaa laga helaa oo kaliya adkaha kookaha, sidaa darteed shukulaatada cadi kuma caawin doonto inaad si fiican u fikirto maadaama aysan ku jirin kookaha adag.

Inkasta oo caddaynta bukaan-socodka (oo ku salaysan tijaabooyinka aadanaha) ee saameynta caafimaad ee shukulaatada ay tahay mid daciif ah, cilmi-baaris badan ayaa socota.

Saamaynta caafimaadka xun

Shukulaatada ayaa dhowr saameyn taban ku yeelan karta caafimaadka. Waxay noqon kartaa, tusaale ahaan, sababta buurnaanta, laabjeexa, madax xanuunka dhanjafka, dhagxaan kelyaha, lafo-jileeca iyo sunta rasaasta.

Dufanka ku jira 100 garaam oo shukulaatada ah waxay u dhaxaysaa 52g oo shukulaatada aan la macaanayn ilaa 31g oo ku jira bar shukulaatada caanaha ah. Iyo in ka badan 50% dufankan ayaa ah dufan buuxa. Shaki la’aan maadada dufanka badan waxay kordhisaa halista buurnaanta, cudurrada halbowlayaasha iyo sonkorowga.

Shukulaatada waxa kale oo laga yaabaa inay sababto laabjeex sababtoo ah theobromine waxay dejinaysaa muruqa hunguriga ee hunguriga, taas oo u oggolaanaysa waxa ku jira acidic ee caloosha inay galaan hunguriga.

Chocolate waa mid ka mid ah saddexda Cs (labada kale waa farmaajo iyo miraha liinta) oo loo aqoonsaday inay yihiin kiciyeyaasha madax xanuunka dhanjafka. Intaa waxaa dheer, shukulaatada iyo kookaha waxaa ku jira xaddi dhexdhexaad ah ama oxalate ah oo sarreeya, taas oo si sahal ah isugu dari karta kalsiyum sidaas awgeedna waxay keentaa dhagxaan kelyaha. Cilmi-baaris lagu sameeyay dadka da’da ah ayaa muujisay in shukulaatada laga yaabo inay sabab u tahay lafo-beelka.

Shukulaatada waxay ka nuugi kartaa sunta rasaasta deegaanka marka la samaynayo waxaana suurtogal ah in noocyada shukulaatada qaarkood ay keeni karaan sunta rasaasta fudud. Heerarka sunta rasaasta ee shukulaatada, si kastaba ha ahaatee, aad ayay uga hooseeyaan 200,000 nanogram, xadka maalinlaha ah ee loo dulqaadan karo isticmaalka rasaasta sida ay qabto WHO (Ururka Caafimaadka Adduunka). Nanogramku waa kun-malyuun oo garaam.

Waxaas oo dhan dusheeda, waxaa jira cadaymo muujinaya in shukulaatada laga yaabo inay la qabatimaan.

Ma habboon tahay in dadka sonkorowga qaba ay cunaan shukulaatada?

Jawaabta oo gaaban waa MAYA… joogitaanka dufanka iyo sonkorta badan macnaheedu waa, jaleecada hore, nooca 2 ee sonkorowga waa in aysan waligood cunin shukulaatada.

Shukulaatada madow, si kastaba ha ahaatee, ayaa loo dallacsiiyay laba faa’iidooyin caafimaad oo u muuqda. Waxay ka kooban tahay xaddi la taaban karo oo ah antioxidants kuwaas oo yareeya samaynta xagjirka xorta ah oo laga yaabo inay faa’iido u yeeshaan ka hortagga kansarka. Nooca shukulaatada ayaa la xaqiijiyay inuu faa’iido u leeyahay caafimaadka wadnaha iyo xididdada dhiigga. Mid ka mid ah daraasaddan, si joogto ah u cunista xaddi yar oo shukulaato madow ah ayaa lala xiriiriyay hoos u dhigista khatarta wadne xanuunka.

Waxay iila muuqataa in haddii aad maalin kasta cuntid hal labajibbaaran (sideed iyo siddeed bar) oo shukulaato madow ah maalin kasta, qaddarka saxda ah (gram) ee dufanka iyo sonkorta aad qaadanayso saamayn weyn kuma yeelanayso dareenkaaga insulinta. Sidaa darteed, waa OK in la cuno hal wareeg oo yar oo shukulaato madow ah maalin kasta si aad uga faa’iidaysato saamaynta antioxidant ee loo maleynayo iyo faa’iidooyinka wadnaha iyo xididdada dhiigga.

Laakiin isku mid lama odhan karo shukulaatada caanaha iyo shukulaatada cad. Kuwani gabi ahaanba waa ka baxsan yihiin xadka haddii aad si dhab ah u rabto inaad ka adkaato sonkorowgaaga.

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