Can The Statement Of Cash Flows Tell Change In Capital Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Vs. International Financial Reporting Standards

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Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Vs. International Financial Reporting Standards

What is globalization? Globalization is the act of spreading to other or even all areas of the world from the country of origin. Like its very broad definition, globalization can be the basis for discussion on many topics. Narrowing it down a bit, I will focus primarily on Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP) versus International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). I will point out some differences between IFRS and GAAP and touch on some similarities between the two accounting standards. In addition, I will discuss several advantages and disadvantages of the United States’ transition from using GAAP to IFRS.

There are two main accounting systems around the world, General Accounting Principles, also known as GAAP, and International Financial Reporting Standards, otherwise known as IFRS. According to The Business Dictionary, “GAAP provides objective standards for judging and comparing financial data and their presentation, and limits the freedom of directors to present an unrealistic picture through creative accounting” (4). With this system comes advantages as well as negative aspects. One of the advantages of GAAP is that the system is rule-based, which means that there is less room for exceptions (2). With this aspect, it becomes easier to create correct statements while avoiding errors and mistakes. An added advantage is that GAAP separates their different entities into different parts. As for the shortcomings, the main and probably the most important one is the non-existent universal way of creating an accounting standard. As a result, it becomes more difficult to compare statements and records with those from other countries.

Generally accepted accounting principles and international financial reporting standards differ from each other, but they also have similarities. One difference is that GAAP leans towards a risk-reward system in relation to consolidation, on the other hand; IFRS gives more preference to the control model (2). There is another difference between the balance sheet statements of each standard. As far as GAAP is concerned, there is no specific layout that exists for balance sheets and financial statements (1). In contrast to GAAP, IFRS takes a stricter approach to accounting for these summaries and reports (1). They implement this approach by requiring a list of minimum line items to be present on statements. Another way in which the two accounting principles differ is that while both use the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method, IFRS strictly prohibits the use of the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method, for which GAAP allows companies to choose between LIFO and FIFO (2). Finally, an important difference to address is the well-known fact that GAAP is used only in the United States, while IFRS is used in more than 133 countries (3). The similarity that exists between these two accounting principles is the mutual inclusion of the following in their financial statements: balance sheet, income statement, changes in equity, cash flow statement, and notes.

For the past few years, there has been talk of the United States moving from generally accepted accounting principles to international financial reporting standards (5). The adjustment of IFRS by the United States will consequently bring both advantages and disadvantages. One of the resulting benefits would be the ability for foreign companies to connect much more easily with current information in the United States. Another advantage is that IFRS are already widely known, making them more aid-friendly and flexible, so that other countries do not have to learn new systems. However, with all the advantages comes some disadvantages. One of the major drawbacks is that IFRS does not have the same level of certainty as GAAP (5). Without adequate protection, there is more room for fraudulent financial information to emerge. Another disadvantage of moving to IFRS is that people are not sure how they feel about something new. Some companies don’t know if the change will be worth their business.

In short, GAAP vs IFRS is a much debated talk of globalization. Both accounting systems have their positive and negative sides. Earlier, I defined what GAAP and IRFS are and provided some comparisons and differences regarding them. I have also listed several pros and cons of both frameworks. Finally, I listed the pros and cons of converting the United States to IFRS from GAAP.

Listed works

1. Ernst & Young. US GAAP vs. IFRS: The Basics. United kingdom. Printing.

2. Forgeas, Remi. “Are IFRS that different from US GAAP?” IFRS Resources. AICPA, nd web. April 13, 2014. .

3. “GAAP vs. IFRS.” Difference and Comparison. Diffen, n.d. Web. April 13, 2014.

4. “Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).” Business dictionary. Online finance, nd web. April 13, 2014.

5. Ernst & Young. US GAAP vs. IFRS: The Basics. United Kingdom, 2012. Print.

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Can The Energy That Flows Through The Ecosystem Be Recycled The Environmental Cost of Bottled Water

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The Environmental Cost of Bottled Water

In 2006, Americans spent over $10.8 billion on bottled water. What was this money really spent on? What is the environmental impact of billions of dollars worth of bottled water? Besides convenience, does bottled water offer any real benefits?

Types of bottled water

Bottled water is available in different types. Bottled waters are classified into types according to the source of the water.

  • Artesian Water – Artesian water comes from sealed aquifers.
  • Mineral – Mineral water originates from geologically and physically protected underground water sources. To be considered mineral water, water must contain at least 250 parts per million of total dissolved solids.
  • Spring – spring water comes from underground formations from which water flows naturally.
  • Purified water is filtered municipal or tap water. Purified water can be filtered in different ways, such as distillation, deionization or reverse osmosis.

While bottled water may seem better than tap water, consider this fact – if you’re drinking Aquafini or Dasani water, then you’re drinking filtered tap water.

Is bottled water safer?

According to a 1999 study by the National Resources Defense Council (NRDC), bottled water in the United States “is not necessarily safer or cleaner than tap water.” water, the NRDC continued to state that about a quarter of the brands tested contained contaminants and “violated strict applicable [California] restrictions on bottled water”

While our municipal water undergoes what Food & Water Watch calls “rigorous testing,” more than 100 or more tests are performed each month. By comparison, bottling plants, which are (according to some) low risk, are inspected less than once a year.

Understanding the environmental costs of bottled water

According to SIGG, “Over 100 million plastic water bottles are thrown into US landfills every day!” Given this fact, waste disposal is an obvious concern. Unfortunately, she is not the only one.

Utilization of water resources

We live in a world with fewer and fewer resources. Water is a precious commodity. By consuming rare artesian and mineral water from developing countries, we are overtaxing their water resources. Is it fair to bottle up the natural resources of developing countries at the expense of their indigenous people?

Production and transportation costs

Ling Li of Food & Water Watch says that “bottled water production, bottling and packaging all require energy, so they basically use gas and oil. And then when you ship bottled water, you use a lot of gas and create carbon dioxide emissions.” Should we pay for bottled water when we already pay for municipal water infrastructure?

Filling our landfills

By tossing more than 100 million plastic water bottles into the trash every day as a nation, we are filling up our landfills. By the end of the year, we will throw away 2 million tons of waste bottles. While more cities are introducing recycling schemes, plastic recycling is declining. Last year we recycled only 23% of our plastic bottles.

Comfort at a price

As convenient as bottled water is, we all need to be aware of the cost of this convenience. This cost is not only environmental, but also financial. NRDC estimates that bottled water costs 240-10,000 times more than tap water.

As a nation, we need to end our love affair with bottled water. Once we understand the environmental costs of bottled water, we can ask ourselves an important question – Why do we choose to pay 240 to 10,000 times more than tap water for bottled water, a convenient product that destroys our environment?

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Can Taking A Warm Showing Increase Blood Flow During Periods Hemorrhoids While Pregnant – A Pain In The Arse

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Hemorrhoids While Pregnant – A Pain In The Arse

No one likes to talk about hemorrhoids (especially if they suffer from them), they are very uncomfortable and will affect more than 50% of pregnant women, especially in the middle of the second to third trimester. Basically, hemorrhoids are varicose veins, but in the rectum (horrible stuff). If you’re wondering what they look like, they often look like a bunch of grapes, except they’re much more painful than grapes.

What causes hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Around week 25, your uterus begins to enlarge, and blood flow to the pelvic area increases during pregnancy, which can often cause swelling of the veins in the rectal wall and severe itching. Constipation during pregnancy will worsen or even cause hemorrhoids (if you have hard stools, the extra strain to pass them can put a lot of pressure on the rectal veins and cause them to swell and bulge); they can also develop postpartum after pushing hard during labor. But here’s the good news: There are plenty of home remedies, and they should taper off after you give birth.

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

Hemorrhoids are often itchy, but also very painful. Sometimes they may bleed, especially when you press on them during a bowel movement. Anal fissures (painful cracks in the skin of the anus caused by straining due to constipation) can cause rectal bleeding. Rectal bleeding should always be checked by your doctor. Rectal bleeding, although it can indicate a more serious problem, is mostly caused by bleeding hemorrhoids

WHAT CAN YOU DO

Increase your fluid and fiber intake to stay regular

Do exercises to improve circulation

It is best not to sleep on your back, but rather on your side – as this reduces the pressure that causes pimples to form. Also during the day, lie on your left side when you can, as this relieves pressure on the rectal veins.

exercise. Do not sit or stand for long periods of time. Try to take a good walk every hour or so as this will greatly improve blood circulation in the rectal area.

It is very important to never strain or linger on the toilet. If you don’t want to go, don’t force yourself. Do not wipe too hard, as this will irritate the piles. Some people use baby wipes because toilet paper is too coarse.

A warm bath will help. Just soak in the tub for about 15 minutes – it definitely eases the pain.

Witch hazel and ice packs will often help as well. They will soothe the itching and pain of hemorrhoids. A donut-shaped pillow can also make sitting much less painful.

Talk to your doctor about the different ways to treat hemorrhoids. Especially during pregnancy

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Can Some Ecosystems Live Without A Constant Flow Of Energy ICZM Plan For Rutland Island – India, Using Remote Sensing And Geographical Information System

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ICZM Plan For Rutland Island – India, Using Remote Sensing And Geographical Information System

INTRODUCTION

ICZM is a continuous and dynamic process that unites government and the community, science and management, sectoral and public interests in preparing and implementing an integrated plan for the protection and development of coastal system and resources. Coastal area management needs an integrated, interdisciplinary and multi-sectoral approach in the development of good management plans. Solutions to problems and issues are seldom straightforward and require an integrative approach.

A fundamental objective of resource planners, managers and indeed of most human societies is to manage the natural resources. Development need to be aimed at enhancing nature’s contribution to human welfare and not just anticipating and preventing undesirable effects. To overcome the effects caused by the human intervention, climatic change, over exploitation etc., recent technology such as remote sensing and GIS are the effective tools that could be used to put forth management solutions through interdisciplinary studies with an integrative approach and in a perspective way.

The objective of the present work is to provide the best long term and sustainable use of coastal natural resources as well as perpetual maintenance of the most beneficial natural environment. The only possibility for maintaining spatial environment could be achieved through an integrated planning and hence integrated coastal zone management was attempted for the study. ICZM can minimize the costs and costly delays in project implementation; minimize the losses to various users; minimize damage to the marine environment; make the most efficient use of infrastructure, information and technology available to marine development sectors; and avoid conflicting use of coastal and marine environment.

STUDY AREA

Rutland lies south east of Little Andaman and 55 km south of South Andaman across the Duncan passage; and is an area of high biological productivity. It is located between latitude 11°28’00” to 11°20’00” and longitude 92°35’00” to 92°45’00” E. It occupies an area of 14027.52 ha with an average altitude of 224 meters and a shore length of 98.2 km (SPOT, 1988) (Fig. 1). Highest peak in Rutland is Mt. Ford – 435m. Rutland with its diverse forest habitats is an important ecotourists paradise. The forests are rich in faunal diversity with birds, and are an ideal place for the bird watchers. The island is partially populated but largely virgin. The island has sweet water streams running throughout the year. Geology of Rutland island is mainly with basic and ultra-basic igneous rocks. The underlying rocks are essentially sandstone. Rutland is dominantly with rugged terrain, N-S folded structure that is longitudinal to the eastern and western coasts and transverse to northern and southern coasts. The mountainous origin of the islands also gives rise to an extremely convoluted coastline especially on the east with innumerable coves, deep inlets and wide bays. The higher ground is near the eastern shores. Slope of the Rutland island observed through digital elevation model is as follows, central portion 0° – 10° , south western 10° – 20°, south eastern 10° – 40°, southern 0° – 20°, northern western 10° – 20° and north eastern 25° – 80°

Results and Discussion

Landuse change

For sustainable utilization of the land ecosystem, it is essential to know the nature, characteristics, extent and location of soil resources, its quality, productivity, suitability and limitations for various land uses (Chaurasia et al 1996). In order to improve the economic condition of the area without further deteriorating the bio-environment, every bit of the available land has to be used in a most rational way. This requires the present and past landuse/landcover data of the area (Chaurasia et al 1996). The conventional methods of detecting landuse/landcover changes are costly, low in accuracy and do not present a picture of a large area. Remote sensing, because of its capability of synoptic viewing and repetitive coverage, provides full information on landuse/landcover dynamics on a very large scale. The changes in landuse/landcover due to natural and human activities can be observed using current and archived remotely sensed data (Luong 1993).

SPOT imagery of 1993 and IRS 1C imagery of 2003 were visually interpreted for estimating the landuse change (Figure 1 and Table 1). According to the landuse change observed; reserved forest is found to be 11374.24 during 1993 and 11322.10 during 2003. There is a loss of about 49.14 hectares in reserved forest. Settlement area is absent in 1993 but it is 211.08 hectares in 2003. Coral reef is observed to be 1718.77 hectares in 1993 and 2076.43 hectares in 2003. There is an increase of 357.66 hectares in coral reefs. Sandy area is observed to be 115.21 hectares in 1993 and 51.96 hectares in 2003. There is a decrease of 59.25 hectares in sandy area. Mangrove is observed to be 457.15 hectares in 1993 and 348.64 hectares in 2003. There is a decrease of 108.51 hectares in mangroves area. No degraded mangroves were noticed in 1993 but 66.75 hectares of degraded mangrove area is observed in 2003 imagery. The major coastal issues through landuse change were the loss of reserved forest, loss of sand, loss of mangroves and increase in coral reefs.

3-dimensional model

Slope of the island observed through digital elevation model is as follows; central part 0° – 10°, south western 10° – 20°, south eastern 10° – 40°, southern

0° – 20°, northern western 10° – 20°, and north eastern part 25° – 80° (Fig. 2). It is observed that mostly the north eastern portion of this island is having more peaks whereas other parts of the island are found with moderate slopes.

Drainage

Stream processes in any terrain are controlled not only by the climatic conditions, but lithology and geologic structures also have great control as they influence the nature of flow, erosion and sediment transportation. The degree of dependence varies with the physical and chemical properties of the rocks. The permeability, the structural characteristics and the degree of jointing/fractures also affect the extent to which the materials can be detached by fluvial processes (Derbyshire et al., 1981). The role of rock types and geologic structure in the development of stream networks can be better understood by studying the nature and type of drainage pattern and by a quantitative morphometric analysis (Nag and Chakraborty 2003). Drainage pattern observed in Rutland area were dentritic in nature. This pattern exhibits that the mountains may be volcanic / metamorphic in origin. There are about 498 streams in the northern portion of Rutland Island and about 338 streams found in the southern portion of the Island. The streams generally follow a steep slope in northern portion but they follow a gentle slope in southern portion of the island. Depending upon the elevation of the terrain, drainage pattern and river flow direction, particular sites were specified for erecting dams. However subsurface study is also necessary to find the exact location for erecting dam. Since Rutland Island is near South Andaman and has enough potential for fresh water supply, the following locations are suggested for pumping stations to meet out the demand of South Andaman. Water may be carried out to South Andaman Island during summer months through pipe line connectivity.

Coastal Issues

Degradation in mangroves is observed in northern portion of the Island. Development of settlement area and more sedimentation in coastal environment are the major issues for the degradation of mangroves. Loss in the reserve forest is attributed to the development of settlement area. The loss in reserve forest is observed at northeastern portion of the island. Gentle slope and sparse forest cover, favors the development of settlement in this portion. Sand area was found to have decreased in almost all the parts of the island. This may be due to sand mining or due to natural processes.

Management Issues

Tourism is a main sector of the world economy, accounting for nearly 11 per cent of global GDP (Topfler;1999). Nature-based tourism now comprises 20 per cent of the world travel market, and ecotourism 7 per cent (TIES: 1999). According to a report presented at a WTO seminar Spain earlier this year, 20 million+ Europeans consider the environment as their main motivation for travel (WTO: 1999). There is a general agreement that ecotourism is a type of travel to a natural area that supports conservation activities, contributions to local community development and leads to greater understanding and appreciation of the natural and cultural environments. However, conservation is the primary objective of ecotourism.

“Ecotourism is a concept that grew from the need to meet the objectives of nature conservation while recognizing the rights of local people to utilize their locally available natural resources. Conservationists realized that the imposition of the western model of protected area management in areas where local people relied on natural resources for their daily sustenance was unjust and indefensible…Conservationists who recognized the injustice of the Western model of protected area management sought to implement a more considerate form of conservation that acknowledged the rights of indigenous people, did not forcibly evict them from their homes or deny them access to traditional resources in the name of conservation of nature… Tourism was introduced as a tool for nature’s conservation. To compensate for reduced consumption of forest products income for communities is generated through the community involvement in a tourism enterprise. The process was called ecotourism” (Lincoln International; 1998). In Rutland Island Ecotourism site selection was observed based on the criteria where sandy beach was available; Slope of the terrain was less that 20° and ground water of good quality was available. Based on the above criteria sites for ecotourism were suggested as the selected portion of the island.

In India, though a huge quantity of surface water (Elango and Mohan, 1997) is available, the topography and other factors limit the storage of this water. Elango and Mohan (1997) suggested that failures in ground water recharge could be avoided by constructing the artificial recharging structures at places where they are more effective in recharging the aquifers. The location of site for construction plays the primary role in the effectiveness of any artificial recharge structure (Jothiprakash et al., 1997).

In recent years, extensive use of India topographical maps, collateral information and limited field checks, has made it easier to establish the base line information for ground water prospective zones (Singh et al., 1993; Chi and Lee, 1994; Haridass et al., 1994; Tiwari and Rai, 1996; Das et al., 1997; Ravindran and Jeyaram, 1997; Pratap et al., 1997; Pal et al., 1997; Pradeep, 1998; Subba Rao and Prathap Reddy, 1999; Thomas et al., 1999; Harinarayana et al., 2000; Muralidhar et al., 2000; Obi Reddy et al., 2000). The occurrence and movement of groundwater in an area is governed by several factors such as topography, lithology, geological structure, depth of weathering, extent of fractures, slope, drainage pattern, landuse and landcover, climatic conditions and inter relationships between these factors (Pratap et al., 2000). Most of the above studies were mainly to identify areas having groundwater potential, but very little work has been done in identifying zones suitable for groundwater potential/prospect zones. Delineation of potential zones for artificial recharge is also governed by several factors such as geology, permeability, soil depth, drainage intensity, soil texture, water holding capacity and physiography. In Rutland Island, the construction of artificial recharge structures are suggested based on the criteria where slope was less than 30°; high drainage density and buried pediment zones were present.

Utilitarian approach is suggested for sustainable management of the coastal resources in Rutland Island

No development activity should be promoted in wetland areas

No development activity should be promoted within 10 meters buffer of 1st, 2nd and 3rd order streams and within 20 meters buffer for rivers.

Erosion activity of the streams should be checked in the highest elevations by erecting antierosion structures.

The ICZM plan must be strictly followed for the better utility of the Rutland Island.

No permanent concrete structures should be developed in this island.

Conclusion

Landuse change detection, 3 dimensional modeling and drainage pattern were studied. It is found that there is a decrease in sand, forest cover and mangroves. The decrease is attributed to the development of settlement. Through 3d elevation and drainage pattern, sites for dam construction and borehole location were identified. By integrating landuse, 3d elevation and drainage maps, ICZM plan map was prepared and sites for ecotourism and artificial recharge were suggested. According to the ICZM plan map management solutions were also suggested. If this plan map is implemented this would be of immense use to Rutland Island.

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Can Shoe Flower Grow In Shade Throught Out The Year Never Give In – Leadership Mantra From General Raj Mehta

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Never Give In – Leadership Mantra From General Raj Mehta

There he was, standing in the fog and mist outside Cecil Oberoi, in Shimla, in his hiking boots, Capri’s, rucksack, Spiderman watch, fancy shades to match his bright cap and mackintosh.

All five years, little Krish just smelled. “Dadu,” he cried, a shadow crossing his innocent, handsome face. “You promised to take me on a real hike through the woods! It’s just a walk in the rain!”

He was right. I did promise him a proper hike, but I gave up when I saw the cloudy weather. I thought the thrill of boarding the toy train at Shoghi, 12 km away, the tunnels and ice cream scoops at the heritage Shimla railway station would distract him from trekking the slippery jungle paths in the season of mists and soft fertility.

Things went smoothly until we reached Cecil, helped in part by the tunnels, the lovely, dark and deep pine and cedar forests, the wafers and giggling female passengers petting him.

Returning to Shoghi, Krish made his way through some juicy purple plums. With a wave of his little finger, he reminded me that he wanted a real wander through the jungle, where there are lots of leopards and bears that he can befriend with delicious chocolates and sandwiches.

His Sanawarian Dadi was impressed by his passion. “He took me over,” she enthused, recalling her athletic talent that propelled her to the prestigious Spartan Club board at school and later to state athletics glory. “Don’t let him down,” she ordered.

The day before he was due to return to Chandigarh, Krish in his smart shoes and I with our walking stick hit the jungle trail from the Shimla highway. After crossing the railway line, we headed uphill to a remote farmhouse. Some nice girls there paid a lot of attention to our determined adventurer, until he indignantly reminded them of his only mission – trekking.

We went through the dense “jungle” to another hilltop. I watched with growing respect as the precocious fellow, his angelic face red with exertion, trudged along unaided, his knapsack full of goodies; His mental attitude, rare in one so young, was contagious.

Tired, grandfather and grandson sat as friends on top of the hill overlooking Shoghi, while Krishjit carefully opened his chocolates (mom says no rubbish). “Dad, if a leopard attacks us, treat it like Spider-Man,” he intoned, dabbing at his chocolate-smeared face with wet wipes. Suitably reassured, he asked us to climb one more hill.

There, the lively Krish saw yellow flowers growing wildly and instructed his “thumb” to help him collect “one each for Mom, Dad, Dadi, Nani, Cheeku Masi” and, as he added patronizingly, “Dadu”.

As an ex-soldier, I consistently followed my Napoleonic orders.

“Dadijee!” he shouted as he leapt into her arms at the conclusion of the march. “You said: Never give up! I did it!”

He grabbed her cell and called his proud parents; then added Bow-Wow for Walter, his enthusiastic Alsatian. Indeed, son, you were strong; you never gave up.

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Can Sand Be Used As A Base For Flower Gardens Try Some Island Hopping to Add a New Dimension to Your Seychelles Holiday

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Try Some Island Hopping to Add a New Dimension to Your Seychelles Holiday

An all inclusive holiday in the Seychelles should include luxury and plenty of beach relaxation, but will also offer plenty of opportunities for island adventures.

The archipelago of the Indian Ocean consists of 115 islands divided into two groups. Often referred to as the Coral Islands, the Outer Seychelles are sparsely populated coral atolls that are great places to see on boat trips, but not suitable as a base for a getaway in the sun.

Almost all family holidays in the Seychelles include a stay on the inner or granite islands, where you’ll find most of the main attractions and the biggest cities. Despite this, the islands – which, as the name suggests, are made of granite rock – have remained almost completely untouched by man, and you can look forward to visiting some stunning locations when you visit.

Island hopping is easy as there are excellent transport links between them – especially if you choose to stay at a luxury resort that offers free transport. One of the best in Seychelles is the Sainte Anne Resort & Spa, run by Beachcomber Hotels.

It has everything you could want for a luxury holiday, including private beaches, well-appointed villas, five restaurants, a world-class spa, a kids’ club and a choice of water sports facilities. The resort is also in a stunning setting on Sainte Anne Island, in the heart of the tranquil Sainte Anne Marine National Park.

The hotel offers a boat transfer to Mahé – where you’ll find both the capital Victoria and the airport – and within ten minutes of leaving the accommodation you can start exploring the attractions of the main island of Seychelles.

Trekking along the north coast of Mahe along a path lined with ancient granite stones and palm trees is sure to be an unforgettable experience, especially since the path ends at a secluded beach where you can spend the afternoon sunbathing and swimming.

Mahe also has a range of nature reserves and botanic gardens to explore where you can see the native flora and fauna at their best. Try visiting the exotic flower garden of Kot Man-Ya, the wilderness of the Morne Seychellois park and the aromatic fields of the Le Jardin Du Roi spice plantation to experience all that the island has to offer.

Make sure you also take a trip to Praslin during your Seychelles island adventures. It’s known for some of the most beautiful beaches in the Indian Ocean area, and the sandy stretches at Anse Georgette and Anse Lazio are as close to a true tropical island paradise as you’ll ever find.

Praslin is best known for the Vallee de Mai, a nature reserve that boasts UNESCO World Heritage status. If you visit, you’ll be able to see some rare birds and palm trees, including the Coco de Mer, and understand why British settlers in the 19th century believed it to be the Garden of Eden.

You’ll definitely want to spend a day exploring La Digue during your Seychelles holiday, as this old-fashioned island – where oxcarts are still more popular than cars – has a beautiful landscape. After you’ve finished looking at the orchids and spices, you can spend the afternoon getting a tan on the famous beach of Anse Source d’Argent.

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Can Rubbing Massage Oil On The Penis Help Blood Flow How to Make Your Penis Hard in Seconds

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How to Make Your Penis Hard in Seconds

Erectile dysfunction can put you in trouble when you are with a woman. Many men have erectile dysfunction and are unable to satisfy their women sexually.

Even worse, most such men do not admit that they have ED. This is because they find it humiliating and uncomfortable.

However, you can improve your sex life and erectile function with a few changes in diet and lifestyle.

Here are some simple and effective ways to get a hard erection:

1. Try some coffee

Coffee can help you get harder and harder erections. This is because of the caffeine content. Caffeine helps increase blood circulation and adrenaline in the body. By increasing blood flow to the penis, caffeine makes your penis hard and rigid.

However, instant coffee will not give you the same results. Try organic coffee if you want to experience its sexual effects.

Although coffee is great for getting stronger erections, too much coffee can be harmful to your health. However, just a cup or two won’t hurt you.

The combination of coffee with cardamom further enhances its effects. Mix a little cardamom powder into your coffee and you’ll be surprised to see what it can do for your libido and erections.

2. Stop being a couch potato

a sedentary lifestyle is bad for your general and sexual health. If you lead a sedentary lifestyle, you will have many health problems. Lack of exercise can increase body fat and cause plaque to build up in the arteries, impeding blood flow throughout the body, including your penis.

Regular exercise is great for improving blood circulation. It can lower body fat and cholesterol and unclog your arteries. Another benefit is that it can help your body release endorphins, which help lift your mood. This can also help increase your libido or sex drive.

A well-toned and trim body can also help boost your self-confidence and body image. This in itself can act as a libido booster. It can also be a huge turn-on for your woman.

3. Try some dates and milk

Dates are great for your erection. A glass of milk on a few dates can help you achieve a very hard erection.

Boil some milk with some almonds and dry dates for about half an hour until it becomes thick. Such a drink can raise your libido and ensure a firm erection. It is used as a popular sex drink in Middle Eastern countries.

4. No more anxiety

Performance anxiety is one of the most common causes of erectile dysfunction in men. When you’re worried about your performance, you’re bound to fail in bed. You need a proper brain-body connection to get a solid erection.

Deep breathing exercises are extremely effective in reducing anxiety. Take a deep breath and hold it for a few seconds before letting it out. These exercises not only reduce stress, but also help increase blood circulation in the body, which helps you get a stronger erection.

5. Try a natural erection gel

One of the best ways to get an instant erection is to use natural penis oil or gel. Gels are more popular as they are non-sticky and leave no residue.

Such a gel works almost instantly. As soon as you rub it on the penis, the ingredients enter the bloodstream through the skin pores and begin to work on increased blood flow to the penis. This shortens the reaction time so you can get an erection within seconds of application.

Another advantage is that a very small dose can produce the desired effects. Just a few drops of this gel can help you get a harder erection. Regular use can also help increase your stamina.

So, if you want to get an instant and stronger erection, check out the best erection gel that has received amazing user reviews.

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Can Result In Large-Magnitude Current Flow In The Ground Path The Importance of English-Arabic Translation

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The Importance of English-Arabic Translation

This article is devoted to the English Arabic translation; it will lay the light on the definition of translation, the importance of English Arabic translation, the difficulty idioms impose to translators, the qualities of a good translator and the necessity for translation in general.

Translation in Dr. Hasanuddin Ahmed’s words is: “the action or process of delivering from one language into another. It is the expression or rendering of sense of words, sentences, and passages etc from one language into another.” Ulm-ul-Qur’an, Dr. Hasanuddin Ahmed, I.A.S.

The Columbia Encyclopedia defines translation as the rendering of a text into another language.

Katharine Barnwell (1986, p. 8).defines it as follows: Translation is re-telling, as exactly as possible, the meaning of the original message in a way that is natural in the language into which the translation is being made.

Translation is much more than the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language , or the substitution of the words of one language with the words of another language, or the rendering of meaning of a text or whatsoever in one language into another, it is the bridge of appreciation and understanding among people of different cultural groups , it is the means of communication among different groups of people, the means of cultural exchange, the means of preserving cultural heritage of any nation, the means of forming ties and friendships among different groups of people, and the means of understanding and peace.

Human beings are after all not living alone and, every human being has the need and desire to know about one another, man tries to learn what other people are doing, how they are living, and how they have lived. We would like to know, apart from our different ethnicity, color, language, and culture, whether we share the same understanding of love, passion, sorrow, aspiration, sympathy, jealousy and many other respects of human nature. So as long as the desire to exists, translation will be the only bridge across which our aims are reached and our desire realized.

In the general sense, the goal of translation is to build bridges among different groups of people, but the goal of translation in the theoretical sense is to establish a relationship of equivalence between the source and the target language; it should ensure that both texts communicate the same message.

There has been debate as to whether translation is an art, a science, or a Skill. I think Translation is a combination of all of them. It is a science in the sense that it needs complete knowledge of the structure, grammar, semantics, and syntax and in general the make-up of the two languages concerned. It is an art since it requires artistic talent to reconstruct the original text in the form of a product that is presentable to the reader who is not supposed to be familiar with the original. It is also a skill, because it requires attention to detail the meaning and a thorough understanding of the relationship between syntax and semantics, coupled with extensive cultural background and the ability to provide the translation of something that has no equal in the target language.

Also being a human skill, it enables human beings to exchange ideas and thoughts regardless of the different languages they use. Man is endowed with the ability to convey his feelings and experience to others through language. For this process of communication man acquired both spoken language and the written language, but when human beings spread over the earth, their languages differed and they needed a means through which they can communicate and interact with each others. Thus necessity for translation to convey one’s feelings and experiences into the other language was felt.

Sometimes we ask ourselves, why is translation between English and Arabic important? Both Arabic and English are of the world great languages, in the book ‘The Spread of English, on page 77 the writer says: “the great languages of today are languages of empire, past and present. Only two, Mandarin Chinese and Russian, continue as languages of administration within single, ethno linguistically diverse states. The others -Arabic, English, French, and Spanish-are imperial legacies, having survived the disintegration of the empires that fostered them.”

Arabic language is one of the great world languages. there have been great languages of great empires that did not survive as a great language , like Turkish for instance, when we compare Turkish with Arabic, we find out that Arabic survived the disintegration of the Arab Islamic empire and it continues to be one of the great languages of the world till today, while the Turkish language which was the language of administration and authority in the middle east , Balkans, and different parts of the world that was under the Ottoman rule for a thousand years ,but Turkish in the words of Fishman on page 77 in the book ‘The Spread of English” ‘flowed back to Anatolia with the collapse of the ottoman empire’. But these words are not 100% accurate because Turkish is spoken all over Turkey and in Northern Cyprus, not only in Anatolia which is only a part of Turkey. Also Turkish minorities in the former Soviet Union republics, Bulgaria, Russia, Greece, and Romania use Turkish as their mother tongue. Moreover the languages of Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, are all branches of the Turkic language family. Yet, no denying that Turkish language lost a lot of its importance after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.

Returning to Arabic, it is one of the six official languages adopted in The United Nations. Arabic is the language of a rich culture and civilization dating back many centuries; it was the language of Muhammad, the Messenger and Prophet of Allah (Allah is the Arabic word for God), and it is the language of the Holy Qura’an. It has produced great figures such as Averroes(Ibn-Roshd), the medieval Aristotelian philosopher; Ibn Khaldun, the first social historian; and Khalil Jibran. Between the eighth and the fifteenth centuries, the volume of literary, scholarly and scientific book production in Arabic and the level of urban literacy among readers of Arabic were the highest the world had ever known to that time. Islamic artists have used Arabic script as their principal art form for centuries; the beauty of their work will be revealed to anyone through the study of Arabic. Arabic is a member of the Semitic group of languages, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic, the language the Christ spoke. Moreover, Arabic is widely spoken; total speakers of Arabic exceed 350 million.

According to the Wikipedia encyclopedia, Arabic was also a major vehicle of culture, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy during the middle ages, that is why many European languages have also borrowed numerous words from it.

Pamela J.Farris says in her book Language arts on page 99

“English has borrowed from Arabic algebra, candy, lemon, orange, sugar, and magazine.”

Not only these words English borrowed from Arabic, but there are hundreds of other words borrowed from Arabic, there are some hundreds of the words English borrowed from Arabic in Al Mawrid English-Arabic dictionary, such as typhoon which means in Arabic 7HA’F , Spinach 3(‘F. , and sesame which means in Arabic 3E3E.

So Arabic being one of the world great languages makes translation from and into that language very important, especially English Arabic translation.

No doubt that English is a world language; nowadays it is the language of science, aviation, computing, diplomacy, and tourism. It is listed as the official or co-official language of numerous countries .As well as Arabic, it is one of the six official languages in the United Nations

Consequently, the knowledge of the English language is one of the most important tools in achieving scientific and technological knowledge; moreover it is a tool of communication between countries, different cultural groups, various companies and organizations, communities and friends.

Translation is the tool to make use of the new technology and science. Science knowledge coupled with multiple languages and cultures are increasingly important in an expanding global economy and world welfare. It is clear that Britain and the USA are the forefront of new ideas in science and technology. USA has pioneered in all fields of technology and science; accomplishments of Britain and US technology are in English, so it is very essential to know English to make use of such technology and science.

Also Political relationships, wars, and conflicts make translation so important to have access to what is going on in different parts of the world, especially Arabic English translation, as English is the language of the big powers of the world, and the Arab region is the theatre, where vital events take place at present.

No denying that English is the cornerstone of the world media, many important news sources are in English, on page 34 of the book The Spread of English the writer says: “English newspapers in non English mother-tongue countries are another indication of the world wide status of English”.

If one knows English, one can read the news and points of views of several writers around the globe, by doing so one can expand his knowledge, and get a broader outlook on the surroundings, and to look at issues with a broader perspective. In my opinion, knowing any language is an international passport specifically English.

English is also the language of communication, with the spread of internet, English appeared to be the language of communication, hundreds of millions of different races communicate with each others via the internet in English, thus English helps to strengthen ties, and make friends among different cultural groups of people on different spots of our planet.

So being the language of science technology and communication, in the age of the internet, English spread so widely, there has never been a language so widely spread in so short a time as English.

As mentioned above, both Arabic and English are great world languages, so translation between this pair of languages is important and essential because of the many reasons mentioned previously.

Translation has been and continues to be the means of cultural and knowledge exchange among people throughout history, and the means of preserving cultural heritage.

As the Islamic Arabic Empire spread, the Arabic language and, indeed, culture was enriched by contacts with other civilizations: Greeks, Persians, Copts, Romans, Indians and Chinese. During the ninth and tenth centuries, a great translation movement, centered in Baghdad, was in force, in which many ancient scientific and philosophical tracts were transposed from ancient languages, especially Greek, into Arabic. Many were enhanced by the new wisdom suggested by Arab thinkers; other texts were simply preserved, only to re-emerge in Europe during the Renaissance.

Modern European languages, such as Spanish, Portuguese, French, Italian and English owe a great debt to Arabic. The English language itself contains many words borrowed from Arabic: algebra, alchemy, admiral, genius, ghoul, mare sherbet, soda and many others. “

By the means of translation cultural heritage is preserved and new civilizations evolved and flourished; the western civilization for instance, was established on the Arabic and Islamic civilization; scientific books were translated from Arabic into different European languages, and it was the core for the current western civilization.

In the book of “Muslim Contributions to World Civilization” On page 118 we will find that, “From 1154 AC to the sixteenth century, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim scholars from Western Europe and Spain translated books from Arabic into Latin in the Toledo Academy established by Alfonso, Sabio the Wise. The translations were then distributed to academic centers in Europe, where they became the basis of the Renaissance, the revival of knowledge in Europe.”

Stanwood Cobb says:” Europe was indebted for all of its beginnings in alchemy and chemistry to the chemical science of the Arabs, which reached them through translation of Arabic works into Latin. In this science, as in other arts and sciences which they practiced, they developed an objective and experimental method as opposed to the purely speculative method of the Greeks.”

“The science of algebra owes much to gifted mathematicians of the

Islamic era. Its very name proves the magnitude of this debt, for the name itself is Arabic, al gebr, “a binding together .”

“In addition to the volumes of Greek science, many scientific works of the Arabs-Avicenna, Averroes, and Rhazes in particular-were translated.”

So English-Arabic translation has been and continues to be of great importance, the causes in the past and present are only different. Currently, it is well known that English Arabic translation is increasingly becoming a topic of much concern and importance these days. Oil, strategic location, history of the Islamic and different other civilizations that took place in the Arabic region, and the current events in the Middle East on the Arab side and the western desire to possess the oil and dominate the region on the Western side, contribute to this importance. This paper highlights the importance of English Arabic translation, mainly the translation of the two word English idioms into Arabic; as English language is full of idioms native speakers of English use a lot of idioms and expressions in everyday conversations, books, newspapers, magazines, TV shows on the Internet because idioms add color to the language, but at the same time, idioms are difficult to understand because their meaning is not what it appears to be at first sight. This imposes a major difficulty to translators from English into Arabic.

For example in the Telegraph newspaper dated 19/09/2006 one of the headlines reads “Police patrols at churches stepped up in Pope Row”

The Idiom ‘step up is used in this article, the Idiom Connection defines the idiom’ step up ‘as follows “rise to a higher or more important position, be promoted”

Al Mawrid dictionary translates the idiom ‘step up’ as J2J/- J6’9A- J2/’/- J*6’9A- JF/A9- J*B/E

In the context of the previous article, the idiom ‘step up’ can be translated as – J2/’/ , it is the translation of the meaning of the idiom.

A Second example in The Sunday Times dated April 30, 2006, the Idiom ‘back down’ is used in the following articles:

Iran’s psychopath in chief, by Israel

“Britain, France, Germany and America hope to pass a resolution at the United Nations Security Council this week mandating Iran to suspend its work on uranium enrichment. If Iran refuses to back down, the security council could impose targeted sanctions.”

Also in the Mail guardian online dated 07 November 2005 we will find the headline

‘Blair to back down on anti-terror laws’

British Prime Minister Tony Blair reluctantly accepted on Monday that he would have to back down on proposed anti-terror laws that would enable police to hold people for up to 90 days without charging them.

Home Secretary Charles Clarke, announcing what amounts to a climbdown, said, however, that the new time limit would not be as short as the 28 days sought by critics of the new Terrorism Bill, which faces a parliamentary vote on Wednesday.

“We do not want to compromise on the 90 days at all. It will be a compromise with this nation’s security,” said Blair at his monthly Downing Street press conference, where he held out hope that he could yet minimise the impact.

American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms – defines the idiom’ ‘back down as ‘Reverse one’s upward course, descend. For example, When she saw the wasps’ nest on the roof, she hastily backed down the ladder. This literal usage usually refers to something one has climbed, such as a ladder or mountain. [Mid-1800s]

Al Mawrid dictionary translates the idiom ‘back down’ as –J*F’2D 9F E7D(

Also 9F J*.DJ 9F – J*1′,9 is a proper translation

In the previous articles, it can be translated as 9F J*.DJ 9F – J*1′,9, and it is the translation of the meaning of the idiom.

Idioms are one of the factors that makes translation remain a human activity; although attempts have been made to automate and computerize the translation of natural language texts, or to use computers as an aid to translation, but translation remains mainly a human activity that needs skill, intelligence, human feeling that keeps the life and spirit of the original language to the translated text, idioms pose a challenge to any translation program. Since a lot of idioms cannot be translated literally.

The right understanding of Idioms is the key to have a good translation from English into Arabic. English is full of idioms; native speakers of English use a lot of idioms and expressions in their speech and writing, in other words, native speakers of English use idioms all the time. Idioms are the grease that makes language flow, but at the same time idioms are difficult to understand because an idiom is “An expression whose meanings cannot be inferred from the meanings of the words that make it up.” Webster’s Online Dictionary, but some are easier to guess when they have some association with the original meaning of the individual words. So the translator should be aware of the idioms.

The idiom ‘cold feet’ which the Cambridge Advanced Learners Dictionary defines as:”to suddenly become too frightened to do something you had planned to do, especially something important such as getting married” , whereas the American Heritage Dictionary defines the idiom ‘cold feet’ as

“Fearfulness or timidity preventing the completion of a course of action”.

It is used in an article in the guardian newspaper on Saturday March 25, 2006 as follows:

‘Iraq hostages ‘were saved by rift among kidnappers’

o Guards got cold feet after American was shot

o Returning Kember ‘failed to say thanks to rescuers’

Jonathan Steele in Amman, Ewen MacAskill and Richard Norton-Taylor

Saturday March 25, 2006

The Guardian

The British hostage Norman Kember and his two Canadian colleagues owe their freedom to a rift among their Iraqi kidnappers, a western security source close to the rescue operation said yesterday.

This idiom used in the previous article can be translated as AB/’F ‘D-E’3 DA9D 4& E’- FB5’F ‘D4,’9G #H ‘D+B) DA9D 4& E’, the translation is the paraphrase of the idiom according to definitions given above. So the right understanding of idioms is the key to translate well.

An idiom is learned and used as a single unit of language; and should be translated in the same way. To translate idioms the translator , first of all needs to recognize idioms , understand them, know the culture from which the idiom comes, the origin, the atmosphere in which it is used , then the translator should do his/her best, at first to find an equivalent or a corresponding idiom in the target language that keeps the flavor of the original, if there is not such corresponding idiom or phrase the translator analyzes the idiom and translates the meaning of the idiom in words that keep the color and flavor of the idiom in the source language

Every language is idiomatic; each language has a certain set of rules that govern the way words are put together to express facts, ideas and feelings. The rules and their exceptions are unique to the language, despite possible similarities with other languages. In this sense, a language is always idiomatic. Within this general consideration, we usually think of ‘idioms’ as unique phrases: we use them to express something that other, more general sentences can’t express just as well. It is important to learn idioms to be able to communicate well. They are also interesting to study because of the insight they give us into the language and the people who use them. These expressions originate in the history, literature, religion, and traditions typical of a certain community. For this reason, idioms reveal much of the way of thinking of a community.

Since idiomatic expressions are so frequently encountered in both spoken and written discourse, they require special attention in translation

the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary defines ‘idiom’ as : a group of words whose meaning is different from the meanings of the individual words:. This means even if one knows the meaning of each word; one may not understand the idiom itself. So we cannot translate the idioms correctly unless we understand their meaning. If we take into account the idiom ‘ New blood and translate it into Arabic (/E ,/J/) word by word, (/E ,/J/) is sometimes used in Arabic to mean young people. On one hand, it can be viewed as an equivalent, on the other hand sometimes it is hard to guess that the expression actually means ‘ people with a lot of energy or fresh ideas who are brought into an organization in order to improve it’ as defined in Cambridge advanced Learner’s dictionary, as in F-*’, ‘DJ /E ,/J/– it can mean the need for new blood in a hospital for instance, but sometimes it can be misunderstood.

Based on the previous definition in Cambridge advanced Learner’s Dictionary, the appropriate translation for this idiom is #4.’5 EDJ&) (‘D7’B) H ‘D-JHJ) H ‘D#AC’1- ‘AC’1 H 7’B’* ,/J/) .The translation here is a paraphrase.

As a matter of fact, the literal translation of an idiom is often absurd or comical. The idiom ‘Back burner ‘ literally translates into Arabic as ”D-‘1B ‘D.DAJ’

The literal translation in Arabic sounds comical. The Dictionary of English Idioms & Idiomatic Expressions defines it as follows: If an issue is on the back burner, it is being given low priority is ‘ then the right translation is -‘D EF 9/E ‘D’G*E’E-BDJD ‘D’GEJ)

sometimes The image created by the literal meaning of an idiom is comic but sometimes it can help to remember that idiom.

Here is an example of English idioms that can be easily understood from the images they evoke. The English idiom double faced translates literally in Arabic as 0H H,GJF- (with two faces) in Arabic. So the image created by this idiom helps us to remember and understand it. So we can translate it as EF’AB ‘hypocrite’ in Arabic- or -E.’/9 deceiver (in Arabic), which will be an adequate translation. The image created by the idiom double faced can make us think of a person with two faces , which means hypocrite .Even though using the images of the literal translation is an effective and fun way to learn English idioms, the literal translation alone is deceiving in many cases

The real meaning of the English idiom has to be learned in context to be correctly understood. It is necessary to study idioms within sentences. A proper example makes the meaning and the use clear. For example the idiom sitting duck which means ‘an easy target’, when we learn this idiom in a sentence as in “His arguments were so simple, she was able to knock them down like sitting ducks.” It will be easy to understand that the idiom means ‘an easy target’ and translate it into Arabic adequately, if we translate it literally in Arabic it would be (7) ,’D3) which does not make sense in Arabic, but the adequate translation is a paraphrase translation of the idiom which is G/A 3GD

Translation of ideas and meaning from one language to another leaves much freedom to the translator , but translation of idioms does not need only translation of ideas and meaning , the translator should keep the effect idioms give to the language as possible as the translator can. To translate idioms word-for-word” translation is inadequate and confusing, To translate idioms well, the translator must recognize idioms to be idioms, the translator must understand the goals and intents of the author of the original work; and the context in which idioms are used, then s/he should understand the meaning of the idioms, s/he should look it up in dictionaries, search on the web , ask native speakers, and understand the massage of the idiom and in what context it is used . It is good to find a similar idiom in Arabic that carries the same meaning of the English idiom, if the translator cannot find so it is good to parse the idiom apart into its meaning and translate the meaning.

Katharine Barnwell says: The task of the translator is to translate the meaning of the message, rather than the words.

Bible Translation, Katharine Barnwell, 1986, p. 12.

In order to have a good translation, there must be a good translator, who should be fluent in the two languages he seeks to translate between. He must understand the language which he is translating from, as well as the language in which he is translating the work into. Moreover, a good translator must specifically be a good communicator in the target language. A good translator must have the knowledge, skill and experience in this business; In fact the translator has a very serious responsibility not to change the meaning in any way. He must be careful not to add anything to the meaning, or to leave any part of the meaning. Actually the task of translator is more difficult than the writer himself, the writer is free to express his ideas and views in the way he sees suitable and in the vocabulary he likes, but the translator confines himself to the words the writer used and he must be careful not to add anything to the meaning, or to leave any part of the meaning.

Conclusion:

From what has been mentioned above, it is obvious that translation is the bridge of appreciation, love and friendship among nations, it is necessary for progress and prosperity .By the means of translation new civilizations evolved, the western civilization was established on the Arabic and Islamic civilization; scientific, books were translated from Arabic into Latin, and it was the basis for the western civilization.

English Arabic translation has been and continues to be of great importance, because both languages are great world languages, moreover current events, wars, conflicts and struggles in our world add to this importance ; English is the language of big powers and Arabic is the language of the region where conflicts take place for many reasons mentioned previously

Idioms pose a challenge to translators from English into Arabic. English is full of idioms which cannot be understood from the individual words .A translator of English idioms into Arabic needs good knowledge of the two languages and a good knowledge of both cultures .Idioms reflect culture traditions ,cultural identities and history of any nation. They give us insight into history , culture , traditions, and values, morals. So idioms reflect our common humanity through language.

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Can Regular Earthenware Flower Pots Be Used For Baking Bread How to Compost in an Apartment – Meet the Bokashi Food Recycling System!

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How to Compost in an Apartment – Meet the Bokashi Food Recycling System!

Are you environmentally conscious but live in an apartment, condo or townhouse where composting is impossible? You are not alone. There are many people like you, and if they haven’t discovered Bokashi yet, we hope they will now. Although this accelerated fermentation system can benefit everyone; the way it is designed is extremely suitable for composting in apartments – or in any small or densely populated space! Not only does Bokashi break down your food in 1/3 the time it takes for normal composting; the biology involved means that there is virtually no smell or bugs and in a very compact way that allows easy composting in the apartment. As it is more of a fermentation process than composting, it is significantly easier, less harsh and time-consuming than the conventional method. It will even break down foods that tend to take too long or smell too strong in traditional composting. The Bokashi system ensures that you can compost regardless of the limitations of your home.

Contains your Bokashi Fermented Compost

Your compost bin is always important, but it’s even more important when composting at home. You should use a smaller container than you would have if you had a garden directly outside. Some even suggest having two bins so you can start processing one batch and by the time you finish processing the other, the first one will be ready to go with a free bin for your next batch. No matter how many you decide – a box, bin, ceramic unit or container no larger than 10-20 liters should do the trick. Remember that the unit must be completely airtight for fermentation to occur.

If you buy a Bokashi food waste recycling kit, the container is included and you don’t need to buy any additional items. This is the option we recommend, as the containers included in the kits are made specifically for Bokashi fermentation and are just small enough to store in a convenient place such as a pantry or under the sink.

How to Compost with Bokashi

When composting with Bokashi, you should be sure and start with a layer of EM-1® Bokashi rice bran powder before adding food scraps. Remember to sprinkle the EM-1 Bokashi bran over each layer of food scraps until it is full. When finished, you should stack the bucket to the top with alternating layers of Bokashi and food scraps. Once you have your base set up, you can compost many foods that you wouldn’t normally be able to add. Here is the list below…

Groceries:

  • Cheese, eggshells, oils, all dairy products, even butter
  • Any fruit and vegetable – seeds, pits, peels, stems, leaves, flowers – anything
  • Nuts, pasta, bread, pizza crust, popcorn, etc. – carbohydrates of all kinds
  • Animal and fish bones or skin
  • Paper products
  • Liquids
  • Meat, fish and dairy – yes, you can add these, but only if you use Bokashi!

Items you cannot compost:

  • Non-edible items such as plastic and foil (except paper).
  • “Compostable” bags, utensils, etc., which require a high temperature to decompose.

Once you’ve set up your Bokashi food recycling system properly and it’s filled to the brim with food scraps, it’s pretty much hands-free after that. Unlike traditional composting, your work is essentially done once you snap the lid on. The only task left is to leave it alone for the next 2 weeks while the magic happens. If you have a bucket with a Bokashi attachment, you don’t even have to wait a full two weeks to reap the nutrient-rich rewards of your composting. Just empty the liquid from your bucket every other day and add it to the water as you maintain your plants. If you use just a teaspoon with a gallon of water, you will start seeing improvements in your plants right away.

Two weeks later…

After about 2 weeks, you should be the proud owner of some of the most nutrient-dense food scraps around. congratulations! Not only have you saved the Earth a lot of pollution, you’ve also saved yourself stress, time and money. This finished product will help repair any damaged plants or strengthen healthy plants with potential for improvement. The material can be used in planters, in a community garden or in a compost pile or worm bin.

You will empty the contents of the bucket into the trench or hole (mixing with the soil as you empty the bucket) and then cover with 8-12 inches of soil. Leave the materials in the soil and they will finish decomposing within a few weeks, all the while feeding and changing the soil. Another popular option is to add it to a larger compost pile to speed up the decomposition process. You can even feed livestock or worms with it, as it is full of vitamins, amino acids and other beneficial nutrients for animals.

If you’ve ever composted, you can appreciate how much time and effort the Bokashi Food Recycling System saves. We are very pleased to have found a solution to many of the common reasons that many apartment or even house dwellers do not currently compost. If you know someone who wants to compost but finds it too smelly, time-consuming, limited or complicated – you should introduce them to the Bokashi system, especially if they live in an apartment! Once you start using it, you will no longer be limited to certain foods, long periods of time or unpleasant smells. Honestly, why compost any other way?

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Can Reduce Blood Flow To The Heart Impac The Brain Diabetic Compression Socks

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Diabetic Compression Socks

Diabetic socks are designed to help people with diabetes. The term diabetes mellitus refers to several metabolic conditions that directly affect the body’s ability to use and process glucose, also known as blood sugar. These conditions are chronic and can cause dangerous, life-threatening blood glucose levels. Glucose is one of the main sources of energy in the body. It is necessary for cell function, for muscles and tissues, and for brain function. However, too much glucose in the blood can lead to many harmful health conditions. The two main types of diabetes are called type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. The symptoms of these diseases vary depending on how high the blood glucose level is. The long-term consequences of untreated high blood sugar or hyperglycemia can be life-threatening. Some complications of high blood sugar can even include amputations. These are usually the result of infections due to a weakened immune system and blood circulation.

TYPE 1 DIABETES

This type of diabetes is usually diagnosed in younger individuals. In this type of diabetes, the body struggles to produce adequate levels of insulin. Unfortunately, this type of diabetes is irreversible. It is considered an autoimmune disease. In doing so, the body’s immune system attacks the cells of the pancreas and significantly reduces their ability to function. People with this type of diabetes depend on insulin to regulate their blood glucose and must take insulin every day of their lives to function.

TYPE 2 DIABETES

Type 2 diabetes can develop at any time in a person’s life, even in childhood. This is the most common type of diabetes. These people are still able to produce insulin, but not at optimal levels for the body’s health. Genetic factors may contribute to the development of this disease. Lifestyle factors such as lack of exercise and poor eating habits can increase the likelihood of developing this type of diabetes. There is an extremely strong link between obesity and this type of diabetes.

SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES DISEASE

Increased urination

Excessive thirst

Slow wound healing

Numbness and tingling in the limbs

Blurred vision

Low immune system

DIABETIC SOCKS PURPOSE

While medications and medical supervision are often highly recommended by doctors to treat diabetes, I also like to consider other methods to help manage and alleviate symptoms. People with diabetes can sometimes suffer from unusually cold hands and feet, numbness and tingling, and/or swelling in the legs and feet. If blood flow is restricted, it can cause a number of unpleasant or even dangerous symptoms. High blood glucose levels can seriously damage veins, nerves and blood vessels. In diabetes, circulation is often impaired or restricted. This can lead to purple feet, swelling or general discomfort. People who suffer from diabetes may find that diabetic compression stockings help prevent clotting, which is always a risk when the blood circulation and nervous system are damaged. Diabetic socks work by reducing pressure in the lower part of the leg and in the foot, preventing the formation of blisters on the skin and reducing the accumulation of moisture.

THE RISKS OF POOR BLOOD ISLAND

poor circulation-diabetic socks

I will go over some of the risks of inadequate blood flow to illustrate how beneficial these socks can be for someone struggling with diabetes and managing its symptoms. Diabetes is one of the main causes of poor blood flow in the body. Insufficient circulation is actually very serious and its signs should not be ignored. Poor circulation can damage an individual’s organs and limbs. Fortunately, hope is not lost and there are many things diabetics can do on their own to improve circulation, such as wearing the compression stockings I discussed earlier.

WHY DIABETIC COMPRESSION SOCKS ARE USEFUL

These socks have huge benefits for those who need a little more circulatory support. These socks can be used by men, women and children. Some have asked about the difference between diabetic socks and true compression socks. Mesh socks designed for people with diabetes, with a precise foot shape. Because they’re seamless and elastic-free, these socks won’t bunch up or bind. Thus, this limits the amount of discomfort experienced by users. These socks also reduce friction and abrasion damage to the skin. Some people with diabetes choose to wear compression stockings. However, compression stockings usually use very strong elastic components to form their structure. This pressure encourages blood to flow safely and adequately back to the heart. I have seen them significantly reduce leg swelling. These stockings also reduce the risk of clotting and other diseases such as deep vein thrombosis. Many people choose to wear them on long flights and drives or if their lifestyle is more sedentary. However, not all people with diabetes need to wear these socks. Those who have symptoms of circulatory disorders or distress are those who can benefit the most from wearing these types of socks. These socks can really help prevent damage from occurring. For some people, these socks are an important part of keeping their health in balance.

MORE ABOUT HOW SPECIALLY DESIGNED SOCKS HELP DIABETICS

Unfortunately, people with diabetes are often at a higher risk of developing major circulatory problems. If worn regularly, I believe these special socks can really get rid of major nerve sensitivities. Other conditions, such as foot ulcers and abrasions, often go unrecognized in diabetes because they go under the radar. Traditional socks are best avoided if you have diabetes, as they do not provide adequate support and care. The seams in these socks can cause chafing and chafing. They can also cause unnecessary pressure. These socks also retain moisture in ways that can cause major problems. Excessive moisture can contribute to fungal infections. Circulation can easily become restricted with these types of socks because they get tighter and tighter as you wear them throughout the day.

GENERAL FOOT CARE FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH DIABETES

Pediatricians recommend that patients with diabetes regularly take care of their feet to prevent the development of serious diseases. Daily check-ups can ensure that a cut or even swelling does not go unchecked. Every little detail is important here!

Keep an eye out for injuries so that seemingly minor problems don’t turn into major problems that can get worse over time.

Maintain a healthy diet/exercise regimen and don’t smoke! Smoking has been shown to impair blood flow and circulation by reducing the amount of oxygen circulating throughout the body.

HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT SOCKS FOR YOU

The sock you buy depends on the wearer’s preference, comfort and affordability. Bamboo is my favorite material because of its special anti-fungal and anti-bacterial properties. These socks still need to be well cared for and washed well immediately after wearing to prevent the growth of any bacteria. In addition, taller socks are often recommended because their higher height allows for greater circulation. These socks should be washed in warm water and treated gently. Each sock can last about six months to a year and should be discarded immediately if damaged. However, they can last longer if handled with care.

FINAL THOUGHTS ON DIABETIC SOCKS

There are ways to manage the unpleasant symptoms that can accompany all forms of diabetes. The best socks for diabetics are those that meet these main criteria:

Removes moisture

Flawless

Antibacterial

Padded

Individuals usually wear these socks throughout the day; this way, the chances of injury are reduced as that person goes about their day. Being barefoot can be very risky for someone with a compromised circulatory system. If the feet are dirty or sweaty, the socks should definitely be changed to keep the feet clean. Each sock has been carefully designed to fit the wearer’s foot while allowing it to breathe. It is important to ask your doctor what type of socks they recommend based on the severity of your symptoms, as some socks may be inappropriate or ill-fitting. No downsides have been noted with these socks, and even non-diabetics can enjoy wearing these socks if they choose to! These socks are available at many regular stores. Some are cheaper than others, but it might be worth investing in a more reliable and solid brand. These socks come in different colors. However, some people prefer to wear white socks as they make it easier to see blood or any discharge from wounds. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes, you may benefit from wearing diabetic socks. Pregnant women with gestational diabetes can also relieve swollen feet by using these socks. It is generally accepted that diabetic foot care is vital to maintaining a person’s overall health. Diabetic socks are best used if the user also eats a healthy diet, exercises as often as the doctor recommends (if he or she recommends exercise) and follows the doctor’s instructions. Feet can be one of the most sensitive parts of the body. It’s best to protect them! Share this article on social networks.

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